Studies & Scientific Research Publications

Harmful effects of physical punishment

  1. Gershoff, E. T. (2002) - Meta-analysis of 88 studies that found a strong association between corporal punishment and negative child outcomes, including increased aggression and antisocial behavior.

  2. Afifi, T. O., Mota, N. P., Dasiewicz, P., MacMillan, H. L., & Sareen, J. (2012) - This study revealed a significant association between harsh physical punishment in childhood and the risk of mental disorders in adulthood.

  3. Smith, C. A., & Thornberry, T. P. (1995) - This longitudinal study found that childhood physical punishment was associated with an increased risk of juvenile delinquency and adult criminal behavior.

  4. Grogan-Kaylor, A. (2005) - Research published in this paper indicated that physical punishment was associated with an increased likelihood of child aggression and antisocial behavior.

  5. MacKenzie, M. J., Nicklas, E., Brooks-Gunn, J., & Waldfogel, J. (2012) - This study found that corporal punishment was linked to lower cognitive and academic achievement in children.

  6. Taylor, C. A., Manganello, J. A., Lee, S. J., & Rice, J. C. (2010) - Research indicated that physical punishment was associated with increased risk for childhood mental health problems, such as anxiety, depression, and behavior disorders.

  7. Toner, M. L., van Hoof, N., van Aken, M. A. G., Dubas, J. S., & Blokland, A. A. J. (2012) - This study found a link between corporal punishment and an increased likelihood of aggressive behavior in children.

Benefits of co-sleeping

Always follow safety rules when bed-sharing

  1. McKenna, J. J., Ball, H. L., & Gettler, L. T. (2007) - This study discusses the benefits of co-sleeping in terms of improved breastfeeding duration and quality, facilitating mother-infant proximity and bonding, and enhancing infant sleep patterns.
  2. Baddock, S. A., Galland, B. C., & Taylor, B. J. (2012) - Research conducted in New Zealand found that co-sleeping was associated with more consistent and prolonged breastfeeding, which can have numerous health benefits for both mother and baby.

  3. Lozoff, B., Askew, G. L., & Wolf, A. W. (1990) - This study discusses the potential advantages of co-sleeping for infant development, particularly its influence on the sleep patterns of breastfed infants, which may promote cognitive and behavioral advantages.

  4. Blair, P. S., et al. (2010) - This research focuses on the potential protective effect of co-sleeping on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) when practiced safely, such as on a separate surface within close proximity to parents.

  5. Vennemann, M. M., et al. (2012) - A study in Germany explored the protective effect of co-sleeping against SIDS, particularly in breastfeeding mothers who practiced bed-sharing.

  6. McKenna, J. J., Mosko, S. S., Richard, C. A., Drummond, S. P., Hunt, L., & Cetel, M. (1994) - This research explores the effects of co-sleeping on infants' and mothers' sleep patterns and the potential role of co-sleeping in breastfeeding.

  7. McKenna, J. J., & McDade, T. (2005) - This study delves into the advantages of mother-infant co-sleeping, such as increased maternal responsiveness and breastfeeding frequency, and how they relate to infant development and growth.

  8. McKenna, J. J., & Thoman, E. B. (1991) - Research by McKenna and Thoman investigates the physiology of infant sleep when co-sleeping, highlighting differences in breathing and temperature regulation between solitary and co-sleeping infants.

  9. McKenna, J. J., & McDade, T. (2005) - This research discusses the effects of co-sleeping on infant sleep architecture, showing how shared sleep influences the infant's arousal patterns and sleep cycles.

Benefits of gentle and conscious parenting

  1. Ahn, H. N., & Stifter, C. A. (2002) - This study explores the relationship between gentle parenting practices, particularly responsiveness to infant cues, and the development of secure attachment in infants.

  2. McKee, L., Roland, E., Coffelt, N., Olson, A. L., Forehand, R., Massari, C., ... & Zens, M. S. (2007) - Research on gentle discipline and parenting styles shows how gentle and positive discipline approaches can lead to more positive parent-child relationships and children's behavioral adjustment.

  3. Siegel, D. J., & Hartzell, M. (2004) - In their book "Parenting from the Inside Out," the authors explore the principles of conscious parenting, emphasizing how self-awareness and empathy can lead to better parent-child relationships.

  4. Brach, T. (2004) - Research on mindful parenting by Tara Brach discusses the potential benefits of conscious parenting, including improved emotional regulation and enhanced parent-child relationships.

Importance and benefits of attachement

  1. Heller, S. S., Zeanah, C. H., Boris, N. W., Larrieu, J. A., Clark, C. L., (1997) - This study examines the long-term effects of attachment parenting practices, such as co-sleeping and baby-wearing, on infant-parent attachment and child behavior.

  2. Provenzi, L., Giusti, L., Montirosso, R., (2015) - Research in this study investigates how attachment parenting practices, particularly skin-to-skin contact and responsive parenting, can have positive effects on preterm infants' neurodevelopment.

  3. Bowlby, J. (1958) - John Bowlby's pioneering work on attachment theory laid the foundation for understanding the significance of secure attachment between children and their parents. His research emphasized the role of attachment in emotional well-being and social development.

  4. Sroufe, L. A., Egeland, B., Carlson, E. A., & Collins, W. A. (2005) - This longitudinal study explores the long-term impact of attachment security on cognitive, emotional, and social development in children. It underscores the significance of early attachment for positive child outcomes.

  5. Feldman, R., Singer, M., & Zagoory, O. (2010) - Research by Ruth Feldman and colleagues discusses the role of physical contact, such as skin-to-skin touch, in regulating infant stress, promoting attachment, and supporting the parent-child relationship.
  6. Schore, A. N. (2001) - Allan Schore's work on regulation theory and the development of the right brain emphasizes the importance of providing a safe and secure emotional environment for children to promote healthy brain development and emotional regulation.
  7. Thompson, R. A. (2008) - This study discusses the role of the parent-child bond in emotional development and self-regulation. It highlights the importance of a secure attachment for children's well-being.



  1. Duckworth, A. L., & Seligman, M. E. (2005) - In their study, Angela Duckworth and Martin Seligman explore the concept of self-regulation and its role in academic achievement. They discuss how self-regulation, which they term "grit," is a better predictor of success than other factors like IQ.

  2. Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., & Tice, D. M. (2007) - This research examines the strength model of self-regulation, discussing how self-control and self-regulation affect various aspects of life, including health, relationships, and success.

  3. Moffitt, T. E., Arseneault, L., Belsky, D., Dickson, N., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H., ... & Caspi, A. (2011) - This study focuses on self-regulation in childhood and its long-term consequences. It discusses how low self-regulation in childhood can lead to a range of negative outcomes in adulthood, including criminal behavior and health problems.

  4. Eisenberg, N., Spinrad, T. L., & Eggum, N. D. (2010) - In this research, the authors explore self-regulation in children, emphasizing its role in social competence and emotional development. The study discusses the benefits of teaching children self-regulation skills

Benefits of Montessori method

  1. Lillard, A. S., & Else-Quest, N. (2006) - This study examined the outcomes of Montessori education on academic and social development in children aged 3 to 12. It found that Montessori students displayed better academic and social skills compared to students in traditional programs.

  2. Rathunde, K. (2008) - Research by Kevin Rathunde delves into the Montessori method's impact on student motivation, autonomy, and academic achievement. The study suggests that Montessori education supports the development of intrinsic motivation in students.

  3. Lillard, A. S., Heise, M. J., Richey, E. M., Tong, X., Hart, A., & Bray, P. M. (2017) - This longitudinal study explored the effects of Montessori education on executive function and academic achievement in low-income children. The findings suggest that Montessori education may have advantages in fostering executive functions.

  4. Dohrmann, K. R., Nishida, T. K., Gartner, A., Lipsky, D. K., & Grimm, K. J. (2007) - This study assessed the impact of Montessori education on the academic and social development of children from pre-kindergarten through elementary school. It concluded that Montessori students exhibited superior academic and social skills.

Harmfulness of 'cry it out' method ('extinction' sleep training) for brain development

  1. Middlemiss, W., Granger, D. A., Goldberg, W. A., & Nathans, L. (2012) - In this study, the authors discuss how allowing infants to cry for extended periods, as in the "cry it out" method, can lead to increased cortisol (a stress hormone) levels in their bodies, which may have negative implications for emotional development and attachment.

  2. Weber, L. N., Fivush, R., Otting, M. S., & Pasupathi, M. (2016) - This research delves into the impact of "cry it out" methods on memory and stress responses in infants. The study suggests that such sleep training methods may have negative effects on memory consolidation and emotional well-being.

  3. Middlemiss, W., & Kendall-Tackett, K. (2011) - The authors discuss how the "cry it out" method can lead to increased levels of cortisol and other stress hormones, potentially affecting a child's emotional and cognitive development, as well as their attachment to caregivers.

  4. Hagen, I., & Ogden, T. (2008) - In this study, the researchers explore the potential effects of the "cry it out" method on infant sleep patterns and emotional development. They found that the method could result in negative emotional outcomes for children